Situated on the equator on Africa’s east coast, Kenya has been described as “the cradle of humanity”.

Kenya has a population of approximately 45 million with a life expectancy of 63. There are 1.6 million people living with HIV/Aids with no access to proper medical care. Many of them live in Slums like Kibera, the second biggest slum in Africa.

Approximately 35% of Kenya‘s population live in urban areas and more than half of urban residents are living in slums which are severely overcrowded, with a lack of infrastructure including sanitation, drainage and a clean water supply. Slum residents experience high levels of unemployment, poor social and environmental issues, and high levels of crime.

Additionally, educational institutions within slums are limited and ill-equipped for the demand for education. Without education and socioeconomic opportunities, the poverty cycle within slums continues and the problems compound over time

Other pressing challenges include high unemployment, crime and poverty, with approximately 50% of the population living on less than $1 per day. Droughts frequently put millions of people at risk.

Approximately 50% of Kenyans live below the poverty line, living on less than $1/day.



More information

Find out more about Kenya and the Kibera slum – the history, geography and culture:

And Then Life Happens: A Memoir – by Auma Obama

The Beautiful Tree – A personal journey into how the world’s poorest people are educating themselves”, by James Tooley.

Running with the Kenyans: Discovering the Secrets of the Fastest People on Earth by Adharanand Finn